Raw materials minig
The principal raw materials used by Colacem are marl, limestone, clay, gypsum and pozzolana, which are extracted from quarries and mines. In order to reduce the consumption of natural raw materials, in accordance with the best available techniques (BAT) of the sector, non-hazardous waste deriving from other activities is also used. Such waste, is recovered and used in place of the aforementioned natural resources.
Crushing and homogenization
Materials extracted in the quarry are not immediately suitable for use. They undergo careful crushing in order to obtain a homogeneous material.
Drying and grinding
The crushed material passes through special equipment that analyzes its quality, next it is dried after being finely ground inside a mill and then transformed into a very fine powder, called meal. The meal is stored in specific silos where it continues its homogenization process.
The meal, after passing through a pre-heating tower at about 900°C, it is then transferred into a kiln, where it reaches a temperature of 1450° C, and is transformed into clinker. The clinker is submitted to a cooling process and then stored in very large silos.